There are so many stories told about the famous pure Kona Coffee and how it came to be one of the world’s most popular coffee blends. Coffee lovers concoct the tales that are so vivid that one would think that it is just some legendary tale. Many articles in the internet and encyclopedias confirm that a particular kind of coffee berry originating from the Big Island in Hawaii, in a district called Kona, has captivated the world’s coffee gourmets with its exciting coffee taste. How this came about is an interesting tale to follow.
Pure Kona Coffee & The Beginning Of The Kona Legend
The origin of the pure Kona Coffee came from Brazilian Arabica coffee cuttings which were brought into the Kona district in Hawaii. Samuel Reverend Ruggles in 1828 was the first to bring this coffee variation to the islands. Henry Nicholas Greenwell, an Englishman, established coffee plantations and was the person considered to ultimately initiate the coffee growing business. He was the first to use the title “Kona Coffee” as a quality brand. A world wide coffee market collapse in 1899 led to the closure of the coffee plantations.
The lands were soon leased to Japanese workers, some Filipinos, Americans, and Europeans converting the plantation into small family-owned farms who continued the tradition of growing high quality coffee. At present, the Kona coffee is produced in great quantities from the same small sized farms which have further improved the quality of their coffee, taking advantage of the great demand and high asking prices for their prime product.
Best Price For Best Quality
The quality of the coffee beans coming from the Kona District of the Big Island in Hawaii ultimately is the reason behind the phenomenal development of the Pure Kona Coffee business. The sunny and mild climate of the slopes in Hualalai and Mauna Loa in the Kona District coupled with the rich volcanic Hawaiian soil yield vigorous cherry red berries from remarkably healthy coffee trees. The coffee beans that come from these areas command a very high price in the coffee market because of its exceptional quality and exceptional taste.
Because of the high market price on their products, Kona coffee growers are able to improve further the quality of their coffee making sure that they maintain their reputation as the source of the best Kona coffee beans in the market. They have consistently emphasized that their coffee are naturally grown and organically processed.
Predicting The Availability Of Kona Coffee
Because of the unique environment of the Kona District in Hawaii, Kona coffee growing activities can be done at definite times of the year. For example, the flowering period of the coffee crop is always on February and March, with the flowers turning into green berries by late April. The coffee berries start to mature and become cherry red on the month of August.
Since pure Kona coffee are harvested manually or handpicked, selective harvesting of the red berries can be gradually done from August to January or until all the ripe berries are harvested. This means that one can continuously buy Kona coffee beans during the five harvesting months of the year.
Classifications Of Kona Coffee Beans
The classification of the best Kona coffee beans are based on the type of fruit or cherry where they were extracted from. There are cherries with single round beans and cherries that contain two beans each of which has a flat side and an oval side. Naturally, the single round beans are much larger than the two smaller twin beans which, if not for the difference in their sizes, are practically the same.
The beans are separated from the pulp and undergo fermentation for 12- 24 hours before being sun dried for a period of one to two weeks to a moisture level of 10 to 13 percent. The dried beans are further classified according to size before being roasted or packed and sold as green coffee.
Green Coffee Selection
Those who want to roast their own Kona coffee beans have the option of selecting the Green Kona beans that they prefer. These coffee beans are completely dry and come in the form of whole beans that are ready for roasting. Green Peaberry beans are rare because they come from single beans which are derived from 5% of the entire coffee harvest.
The Extra Fancy green beans are the best Kona coffee beans that one can buy since they are derived from selected grades of coffee. They are more readily available in the market than the Peaberry Grade green beans.
The Great Kona Coffee Tradition
Those who buy Kona coffee are actually perpetuating the great coffee tradition started in the Big Island of Hawaii almost a century ago. The Greenwell store and the original Kona coffee farm in the Kona District are now famous museums to remind people of the efforts of the old coffee plantations to establish the quality of the Kona blend coffee in the coffee industry. Today, some of the larger farms are offering their services as tourist destinations for people who want to experience life in a coffee plantation.
The smaller farms are also participating in the tourist trade by putting up classy coffee shops in their locale to show that the coffee in their farms is the best Kona blend coffee in the market. These activities are all contributing to the popularity of the brand since the tourists will always relate to others their wonderful experiences when they visited the coffee farms in the Big Island of Hawaii.
The Best Gourmet Coffee In The World
Coffee enthusiasts are looking for scientific reasons why Pure Kona Coffee has been described by coffee experts as the best gourmet coffee in the world. They feel that there is a need to justify this common opinion of the coffee experts.
While the Kona is just a variant of the Brazilian Arabica coffee that was transplanted to Hawaii almost a century ago, it is clear that the kind environment that the Big Island slopes accorded to the original coffee trees planted in Kona has classically transformed them into one of the best tasting coffee varieties in the world.